On Sunday, I spent a good half-hour with Google learning how to launch a GUI application in Ubuntu using cron. I wanted to write a brief post here explaining the process so as to help another weary Googler more quickly on their way.
My situation is this: I use a nifty little flashcard-like study program called Mnemosyne. I use it to study foreign languages and for school. Ideally I should run it daily – but I often forget, which slows my learning. So I decided to create a cron job which would run the program every day at 7 AM.
Using the normal crontab syntax I made this entry:
0 7 * * * mnemosyne
This, I thought, would run mnemosyne once a day at 7 AM. Unfortunately I was wrong. After much searching around I found the solution on the Ubuntu forums (always a great resource). My problem was that because cron doesn’t run in the X session (The program that controls all GUIs in Linux), when you try to run a GUI program, cron doesn’t know where to start it. To tell cron where to start the GUI, I changed my crontab entry as follows:
0 7 * * * export DISPLAY=:0 && /usr/bin/mnemosyne
And finally success!
The post on the Ubuntu Forums I found explains all this and more and gives a number of examples.
Also, for those wanting a more general tutorial on crontab syntax, see the crontab article on wikipedia.
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Kyle Mathews lives and works in San Francisco building useful things. You should follow him on Twitter